Annmade Design  

JEWELRY CARE

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JEWELRY CLEANING AND CARE

Care of Pearl and crocheted Silver Jewelry

Never dip this jewelry in tarnish removers or silver cleaners. Pearls will lose their nacre very quickly! Use the following method for safe cleaning. Take a saucepan and partially fill it with water and place on the stove adding ¼ cup liquid clothes washing detergent. Add a layer of tin foil to the bottom of the pan and heat up. Place jewelry on top of tin foil and completely immerse it in the water. Monitor carefully and remove when tarnish is gone. Rinse thoroughly with water and towel dry. Polish the silver with an anti-tarnish cloth if desired.

Gemstone Care

Amber- clean with a soft damp cloth. Never use steam or ultrasonic cleaning. Avoid alcohol, bleach and all harsh chemicals. Avoid prolonged exposure to hot water. The safest and best way to clean amber jewelry is with lukewarm water, very mild soap and a soft brush. Be sure to rinse and dry thoroughly. Store each piece separately so that other jewelry will not scratch it.

Amethyst - if properly taken care of, will last indefinitely. Amethyst should be protected from sharp blows and scratches but is otherwise quite resistant to normal wear. It may be cleaned with most any commercial jewelry cleaner or mild soap and lukewarm water using a soft brush. Be sure to rinse and dry thoroughly. Some amethyst may fade if exposed to sunlight for long periods. For this reason, it is recommended you do not wear it while sunbathing or using a tanning bed.

Aquamarine - should never be cleaned with a steam cleaner or ultrasonic cleaning machine. It can be cleaned with most commercial jewelry cleaners or mild soap, lukewarm water and a soft brush. Rinse and dry thoroughly.

Citrine - the beautiful color in your citrine, if properly taken care, will last indefinitely. Citrine should be protected from sharp blows and scratches. Citrine can be cleaned with most any commercial jewelry cleaner or mild soap, lukewarm water using a soft brush. Be sure to rinse and dry thoroughly. Some citrine may fade if exposed to sunlight for long periods. For this reason, it is recommended you do not wear it while sunbathing or using a tanning bed.

Garnet - is both hard and durable. Garnet can be cleaned using an ultrasonic cleaning machine, any commercial jewelry cleaner or mild soap and lukewarm water using a soft brush.

Opal - should be protected from heat and strong light due to their unusually high water content, or they can dry out. Opals draw moisture from the air and therefore should not be stored for long periods of time in dehumidified environments such as a bank vault. Never clean an opal using chemicals, detergents, ultrasonic or steam cleaning machines. The safest and best way to clean opals is with lukewarm water, a very mild soap and a soft brush. Be sure to rinse and dry thoroughly.

Pearls - cultured pearls are softer than most gemstones but durable enough for everyday wear. Because oils, soaps and chemicals can damage the beautiful nacre, you should apply cosmetics, perfumes and hair spray before putting on your pearls. Wipe your pearls with a dry, soft cloth after each wearing. Never clean cultured pearls with any harsh chemical, and only use a commercial jewelry cleaner specifically made for cultured pearls. The safest cleaning method is using a mild soap and lukewarm water solution, wiping with a soft cloth. Always lay strands flat to dry to prevent the cord from stretching, and restring as needed.

Peridot - does not react well to heat. Avoid sudden temperature changes. Peridot should never be cleaned with ultrasonic or steam cleaning machines. It may be cleaned with most commercial jewelry cleaning solutions or soap, lukewarm water and a soft brush.

Ruby - is both hard and durable and can be cleaned using an ultrasonic cleaning machine, any commercial jewelry cleaner or mild soap, lukewarm water and a soft brush.

Sapphire - is hard and durable and can be cleaned using an ultrasonic cleaning machine, any commercial jewelry cleaner or mild soap, lukewarm water and a soft brush.

Tourmaline - is a hard gemstone that is resistant to both scratching and breaking, but it should be protected from sharp blows or sudden changes in temperature. Because of the natural internal characteristics found in some tourmalines, especially pinks and reads, ultrasonic cleaning machines should not be used. It may be cleaned with most commercial jewelry cleaners, or mild soap, lukewarm water and a soft brush.

Gemstone care tips provided by Jewelers of America


Silver
Fine Silver - 99.9% silver Sterling Silver - 92.5% silver (usually the other 7.5% is copper)

Gold-filled
Gold fill is made up of 1/20th 14kt gold or 5% x .5858 (14kt gold content) to equal 3% actual gold in a gold filled piece. A layer of 14kt gold is placed over brass and bonded by heat and pressure. This layer is 300 times thicker than plating.

Gold-filled and Gold Jewelry
To clean mix mild soap, water and a drop of ammonia and wipe with a clean soft cloth. Be sure to use non-abrasive cleaning materials!

Sterling silver and Fine silver
All silver will oxidize over time and tarnish, but Fine silver is much more tarnish resistant than Sterling silver. It is best to keep silver in a pouch or Ziploc plastic bag to protect it from scratching and tarnishing quickly. Clean with commercial cleaners and polishes made for silver. Dipping oxidized pieces of jewelry in tarnish remover will lighten all the surfaces and crevices, even ones purposely blackened to bring out an embossed design. To avoid this situation, paint on tarnish remover with a small brush, or only polish with an anti-tarnish cloth.

General Care of Jewelry
Take off your jewelry before doing potentially “damaging” activities such as cleaning, swimming or active sports. Cleaning products can damage stones and metals and so can chlorine. You can break or bend jewelry during active sports. It is best to take jewelry off at bedtime and before bathing. Apply hairspray, cologne and cosmetics before putting on jewelry.